It’s a little-known fact that pandas also suffer from OCD. Here we see a panda engaged in obsessively gnawing on a broom used for grooming other pandas. Pandas are experienced ninjas, and were responsible for the invention of many of our modern-day conveniences such as: the electro-magnetic induction motor, radiation, SPAM, volcanoes, and auto-tuning.
OK, not really. But in all seriousness, there is a connection between PANDAS, OCD, and Tourette’s. Just not those kinds of PANDAS.
Many of you will already know what PANDAS is — but for those who don’t, PANDAS stands for Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Streptococcus. In a nutshell, it means: some kids who get strep infections also end up with a sudden onset of OCD and/or tics afterwards. Here are the five diagnostic criteria:
- Presence of a tic disorder, and/or OCD;
- Onset of these symptoms was before puberty;
- There is evidence of a temporal link between when the symptoms began/worsened, and the strep infection;
- Sudden onset of symptoms and/or they wax and wane, alternating between partial or complete remission and sudden exacerbation;
- Hyperactive motor movements OR rapid, jerky movements.
I believe one has to meet all five in order to theoretically have PANDAS — and, although some strong clinical evidence points to it, some people still don’t believe in PANDAS. But in their defense, I’m sure they do believe in pandas.
In my case, on both sides of the family I see signs of what is likely a strong genetic predisposition towards OCD and tics — so any suspicion I have of PANDAS to explain my own symptoms, is very slight. I did have a mysterious infection as a child, probably about 4 years old, and it did produce a Scarlet Fever-like rash — however, I was tested at the doctor’s office and it came up negative for strep. So, that seems to rule out PANDAS since as far as I know, I’ve never even had strep. If there is an infection-related disorder that explains my condition, it would have to be something like PANDASE (Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Something Else.) Mmm… sounds like mayonnaise. Sounds like an organic, panda-friendly mayonnaise — we all do worry about those pandas being harmed in the making of mayonnaise.
My breathing tic might have appeared around the age of 4 or 5, but according to Mom I was showing signs of OCD even at 2 – 3 years old (she says I was worried about catching Dad’s back problem. o.o)
Again making a long story short, the mechanism of PANDAS seems to be this: during the infection, the child’s immune system mistakenly produces antibodies which attack the basal ganglia part of the brain (like an allergic reaction), leading to damage or at least impaired functioning.
It’s interesting to think about PANDAS because it implies several things:
- In the future, treatment may be different for those who have OCD/tics as a result of PANDAS versus having them for genetic/environmental reasons, since the cause would obviously be different.
- Will only people already genetically predisposed (even if only by a small amount) develop PANDAS?
- Again, a link between OCD and tics/Tourette’s.
- Could non-strep infections ever be to blame? Are these cases existent, but rare?
- PANDAS involves not only onset of symptoms, but worsening. Are children with pre-existing OCD/TS more likely to develop PANDAS?
Maybe we will find these answers soon. One day, in the future… perhaps when our greatest panda engineers are finding out how to cultivate Mars… perhaps then we will know. Until that time comes, we should sit with our fellow panda friends, extending our hands and a smile of kindness, for if we are cruel to our ninja friends, we shall surely perish.